UC Berkeley’s freshman and sophomore seminars were originally launched in 1992. Approximately one hundred seminars are offered each semester. In fall 1992, Berkeley began offering one-unit freshman seminars in every department on campus. At the same time, the existing freshman and sophomore seminars (earning 2–4 units) were expanded considerably. In spring 2002, the College of Letters & Science piloted a new Sophomore Seminar Program, which was expanded to become a campus-wide program, and later consolidated with the other seminars to create the Freshman and Sophomore Seminar Program.